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Posts Tagged ‘China’

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Snapshots of law, gender and sexuality news from the past couple of weeks.

‘Equal Recognition’ campaign launched in Edinburgh; hope for a ‘third gender’ within the UK?

Oriana Frame, Durham University.

On the 1st of November 2014, the Equal Recognition campaign was launched in Edinburgh. The campaign, pioneered by The Scottish Transgender Alliance alongside the Equality Network, has vocalised the notion that Scotland, along with the rest of the United Kingdom, is falling behind countries such as India, Denmark, Bangladesh and Germany who have already legally recognised a ‘third’ non-binary gender.

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IB imageSnapshots of law, gender and sexuality news from the past couple of weeks.

Luxembourg – Gay and Lesbian Representation in Politics

Bethany Houghton (Durham University)

It has recently been announced in Luxembourg that the openly gay leader of the Democratic Party Xavier Battel is to form a coalition with the Socialist Workers Party, which is led by another openly gay politician Etienne Schneider, and the Green Party.  If the deal goes ahead as expected it will be the first time in history that both the prime minister and deputy minister of any country have been openly identified as homosexual. It comes just a few years after the world’s first lesbian head of government in Iceland – Johanna Sigurdardottir, who was elected in 2009.  Sigurdardottir was followed by Elio Di Rupo, who became Belgium’s Prime Minister in 2011 and the world’s first openly gay man to be head of government. (more…)

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Wei Wei Cao

Wei Wei is a PhD candidate in biomedical law and ethics at Keele University. You can contact her at: rainbowvivi@msn.com.

Background Information

The idea of ‘family planning’ was officially introduced into the Chinese political and the legal systems at the start of the post-Maoist era. The introduction of and explanation of this idea were significantly affected by Malthusian demographic theory in China. (Lee and Wang 1999) To justify implementing a strict birth control plan, the first post-Maoist government advocated a Malthusian argument: economic production cannot keep pace with population growth without family planning. Thus, reducing the national birth rate was treated as essential to the development of the state’s economy. Deng, the first president in the post-Maoist era, claimed that the state must fulfil the birth control task, which was of major importance for the national economy. In order to achieve this population goal, the government stated that all married citizens must take up family planning and downsize their families.

Women’s Citizen Duties in the Chinese Family Planning Context

In the Chinese family planning context, post-Maoist governments impose the duty to take up family planning mainly on wives, and most of the compulsory birth control methods are also targeted at them. (more…)

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